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WEBINAR: Oceanic Datascapes: Data Diversity and Data Reduction during the International Geophysical Year and Beyond - Elena Aranova
WEBINAR: Oceanic Datascapes: Data Diversity and Data Reduction during the International Geophysical Year and Beyond  - Elena Aranova
WhenWednesday, Apr. 8, 2020, 4 – 5 p.m.
Event typesAcademics
Event sponsorseScience Institute - Anissa Tanweer, tanweer@uw.edu

Department of Human Centered Design and Engineering - David Ribes, dribes@uw.edu

Information School - Megan Finn, megfinn@uw.edu

Science, Technology and Society Studies Program - Leah Ceccarelli, cecc@uw.edu
Target AudienceArts/humanities/social sciences/data science
Description

The International Geophysical Year (1957-8) is remembered as one of the twentieth century’s largest scientific international ventures, which played an important role in shaping oceanography into the discipline we know today. The IGY may serve as a reminder that a scientific way of knowing the ocean is not monolithic, involving the tools of different disciplines and heterogenous datascapes. In this talk I will examine the shift from very diverse data types and formats to a new standard in oceanography: the digital formats for data. The paper argues that the process of “data reduction” – a common term for transformation of the multitudinous variety of data types into a standardized, ordered and simplified digital format — ultimately ensured the success of the IGY. At the same time, it quite literally reduced the diversity of data and homogenized the datascape of oceanography. I will first discuss at the initial scope of the IGY data collection at the planning stage, I will then examine how the US and the Soviet plans and actual programs differed. I will also discuss where did the collected data go, and how non-geophysical data were circulated (or not), why, and how these decisions continue to influence the shape of oceanographic data archives today.

Linktinyurl.com…
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